Wednesday, January 19, 2022

August 13, 1976, Forty Years Ago

Today in history

August 13, 2016 12:39:38 am

Water on Mars

The first clear evidence that water is being exchanged between the Martian soil and the atmosphere was reported by US scientists studying Viking photos. The photos show fog hugging low areas on the planet, settling in crater bottoms and ancient dry channels, said William Baum. “This is important for organisms that may be trying to thrive in the Martian surface,” said Baum, a member of the Viking arbiter imaging team. Scientists have been theorising that water bound up in the soil — perhaps in the form of permafrost — is liberated into the air during the day as temperatures rise. Baum said the photos provide the first definite evidence of this phenomenon. The fog showed up in pictures taken by the Viking 1 mother ship that is orbiting mars.

Pak and NAM

Saudi Arabia made a surprise move to get Pakistan into the non-alignment movement but it was promptly put down. As a consequence of the ruling given by Felix Dias Bandaranaike, chairman of the non-aligned foreign ministers conference, after an elaborate discussion, Pakistan will have to wait till after the summit if it still wants to gain admission. For this summit, the doors are closed to Pakistan. This is because Pakistan must conform to the various formalities before it can be considered for admission. In the absence of that, the merits of Pakistan’s case did not even come up for discussion.

Apartheid violence

Police opened fire on about 1,000 screaming, chanting Africans in a new flare up of violence that left 27 people killed in riots engulfing black towns around Capetown, an AFP report said. Eyewitnesses said at least four blacks were shot dead by police and six wounded by police in the Nyanga township. Officials reported that 23 Africans had also died in an overnight outburst of violent protest in the black communities against South Africa’s apartheid system.

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