Our Milky Way is suffering from a mid-life crisis and will slow down its production of stars over the next billion years,say planetary scientists.
Galaxies typically fall into one of two categories energetic blue galaxies that form new stars at an impressive rate,or lethargic red galaxies which are slowly dying. But,a team at Swinburne University of Technology has shown our own Milky Way galaxy is neither of these. Rather it is a rare “green valley” galaxy that is half way between a youthful blue galaxy and a geriatric red one.
This is the first time that the scientists have compared both the colour and the star formation rate of the Milky Way to that of other galaxies in the Universe,the ‘Astrophysical Journal’ reported.
“Determining the state of our own galaxy while we’re stuck inside it is very difficult to do. The phrase ‘it’s hard to see the forest for the trees’ really rings true here,” Dr Darren Croton,who led the team,said.
To overcome this,the scientists have taken the best available measurements of the Milky Way from the past 20 years and compiled them into a big picture view of the galaxy’s current state.
“The properties we’ve looked at all point to the Milky Way having global colours that we’d classify as green they’re midway along an evolutionary track between ‘blue and star forming’ and ‘red and dead’,” Dr Croton said.
According to the scientists,this means that the production of stars in the Milky Way will slow down to a mere trickle over the next few billion years.
“Star formation in our galaxy will continue to decrease. But those concerned about the Milky Way’s decline needn’t worry just yet retirement is still a long way off,” Simon Mutch,a team member,said.
And according to another team member Dr Gregory Poole,even in its twilight years our home galaxy will still have some life left in it. “In about five billion years,the Milky Way is expected to merge with neighbouring spiral galaxy Andromeda,” he said.
He added: “This will liven things up a lot,with any residual hydrogen gas in both galaxies providing a new,but short-lived,burst of star formation.”