INDIA US $ 3 bn-deal to build 6 subs; expected to form core of Navy\u2019s submarine arm for next 2 decades. First of the subs, Kalavari, began sea trials in May 2016; is expected to be inducted in the Navy soon. AUSTRALIA New US $ 38 billion, 12-sub fleet to replace its Collins-class fleet from the early 2030s. Scorpene\u2019s Shortfin Barracuda, which will likely have an American stealth combat system, edged out German and Japanese rivals because it was the quietest, and considered best for intelligence gathering. MALAYSIA Ordered 2 DCNS-Navantia Scorpenes for US $ 1.2 billion in 2002; delivered in 2009 and 2010. In February 2016, France opened probe into allegations that Thales International, which has a stake in DCNS, had paid off Malaysian PM Najib Razak to win the contract. Persistent reports of the subs\u2019 malfunctioning, including a refusal to dive, were formally denied by the Malaysian Navy in 2012. CHILE Ordered two Scorpenes to replace two Oberon Class submarines that were retired in 1998 and 2003; subs arrived in Chile in 2006. BRAZIL Ordered 4 Scorpene-based diesel-electric submarines in 2008; construction began in 2011; first sub expected to enter service in 2017 Route of the breach DCNS, The Australian reported, has \u201cimplied\u201d leak may have occurred at India\u2019s end. \u201c.In India, where a DCNS design is built by a local company, DCNS is the provider and not the controller of technical data,\u201d The Australian quoted DCNS as saying. Watch video: Secret Data On India's Scorpene Submarines Leaked [youtube ] HOWEVER, the paper reported, the data was written in France in 2011, and likely removed the same year by a French ex-naval officer who was then a DCNS subcontractor. It is believed to have travelled to a Southeast Asian company, and to another in the region \u201cbefore being sent on a data disk by regular mail to a company in Australia\u201d, The Australian reported. DATA includes other plans, such as on the sale of French frigates to Chile, and sale of Mistral-class vessels to Russia, which are unrelated to India. Presence of this information suggests the data was removed from DCNS in France, The Australian said.