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PU department records, monitors data in the event of earthquakes

At the department, a seismograph has also been installed, which records and measures the disturbances caused in the area due to earthquakes.

chandigarh, chandigarh earthquake, chandigarh climate, chandigarh earthquake records, chandigarh news, city news During a disaster management drill at the Punjab and Haryana High Court in Chandigarh. (Express Archives)

In order to keep track of the geographical displacements caused in buildings due to earthquakes, the Department of Geology, Panjab University, regularly records and monitors data in the event of earthquakes.

The project, which has also been undertaken by several other institutes in the country, was initiated in 2012 after a science treaty was signed between India and Japan. “A multi-billion dollar seismic programme was initiated between Japan and India in 2012, under which this project started. The project is, however, entirely funded by Japan,” says Professor R S Loyal from the Department of Geology, PU.

For the project, the ball was set rolling by IIIT-Hyderabad in 2012, and now it is also being done at IIT-Kanpur and National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad, amongst others. The project now functions as a joint collaboration between these institutes in India and few others in Japan.

“As part of this project, nine sensors have been installed at our department. These sensors record the shift in geographical coordinates caused in our building in the event of an earthquake,” says Prof Loyal. During an earthquake, data is recorded by each of these sensors and is then transmitted to laboratories in Japan via servers, where the data is analysed.

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At the department, a seismograph has also been installed, which records and measures the disturbances caused in the area due to earthquakes. “Chandigarh lies close to the fracture zones of the Himalayas. A shift in these fracture zones is very likely to cause an effect in the Tricity region as well,” says Prof Naveen Chaudhri, chairperson of the Department of Geology.

“After the data has been analysed, it is sent back to us and this data is often given to the administration for better understanding of the effects of earthquakes in buildings in the Tricity region. Some of these sensors have also been installed in parts of Fatehgarh Sahib, and areas on the periphery of the city where some geographical analysis can be done,” says Prof Loyal.

At regular intervals, scientists from Japanese laboratories visit PU to keep a check on the installed devices and sensors. This project is being carried out at the university, so as to help in mapping of the seismic belts across India.

First published on: 11-01-2016 at 09:08:51 am
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